Geesteswetenschappen, ook wel Studia Humanitatis genoemd, zijn wetenschappen, die zich bezighouden met de "geestesproducten" van de mens. Hieronder vindt men samenvattingen in pdf formaat over godsdiensts, filosofie en geschiedenis.


De Oudheid









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Romeinse Rijk

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Archaic Greece




























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Post moderne tijd
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Pre columbian civilizations in the America's

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maurya-guptaempires India

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European conquests of the Americas

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Eurpoean Crusaders Vs The muslim world

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The British india

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The Venetian Renaissance

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european colonialism in africa

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early revolutions in latin America

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Geschiedenis moderne tijd
%((%caption id="attachment_9195" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of historyofmoderncuba HISTORY OF MODERN CUBA%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9197" align="alignleft" width="300"%))% THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT SINCE 1947; THE LEGACY OF INDEPENDENCE%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9199" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of moderniran MODERN IRAQ, 1951 - TODAY%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9201" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of hitlers-buitenlandpolitiek DE DUITSE BUITENLANDSE POLITIEK 1933-1939%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9205" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of ko3 HISTORISCH CONTEXT DE KOUDE OORLOG 3%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9207" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of ko4 HISTORISCH CONTEXT DE KOUDE OORLOG 4%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9209" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of ko1 HISTORISCH CONTEXT DE KOUDE OORLOG 1%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9211" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of ko2 HISTORISCH CONTEXT DE KOUDE OORLOG 2%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9219" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of decolonizationinafrica POST WW2 DECOLONIZATION IN AFRICA%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9215" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of china-presentatie GESCHIEDENIS VAN CHINA IN EEN NOTENDOP, EEN VERKENNING%((%/caption%))% %((%caption id="attachment_9203" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of sarahw-europeanscientists EUROPEN SCIENTIST IN THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES%((%/caption%))%
Geschiedenis van Suriname
%((%caption id="attachment_11974" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of De geschiedenis van Suriname_De marrons De geschiedenis van Suriname_De marrons%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12253" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1502-1808-de-slavenhandel geschiedenis-van-suriname_1502-1808-de-slavenhandel%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12252" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of de-geschiedenis-van-suriname_de-marrons de-geschiedenis-van-suriname_de-marrons%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12251" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1651-20e-eeuw-de-plantage-economie geschiedenis-van-suriname_1651-20e-eeuw-de-plantage-economie%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12250" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_de-economie-van-suriname geschiedenis-van-suriname_de-economie-van-suriname%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12249" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_de-creolen-na-de-afschaffing-van-de-slavernij geschiedenis-van-suriname_de-creolen-na-de-afschaffing-van-de-slavernij%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12248" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1986-1991-de-binnenlandse-oorlog geschiedenis-van-suriname_1986-1991-de-binnenlandse-oorlog%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12247" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1980-de-staatsgreep geschiedenis-van-suriname_1980-de-staatsgreep%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12246" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1975-suriname-wordt-onafhankelijk geschiedenis-van-suriname_1975-suriname-wordt-onafhankelijk%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12245" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1958-1967-de-verbroederingspolitiek geschiedenis-van-suriname_1958-1967-de-verbroederingspolitiek%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12244" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1939-1954-suriname-en-de-tweede-wereldoorlog geschiedenis-van-suriname_1939-1954-suriname-en-de-tweede-wereldoorlog%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12243" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1853-1939de-komst-van-contractarbeiders geschiedenis-van-suriname_1853-1939de-komst-van-contractarbeiders%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12242" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1683-1865-politieke-ontwikkelingen geschiedenis-van-suriname_1683-1865-politieke-ontwikkelingen%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12241" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1667-1683-suriname-van-engelse-naar-nederlandse-landbouwkolonie geschiedenis-van-suriname_1667-1683-suriname-van-engelse-naar-nederlandse-landbouwkolonie%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12237" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of de-geschiedenis-van-suriname_de-marrons de-geschiedenis-van-suriname_de-marrons%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12239" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1502-1808-de-slavenhandel geschiedenis-van-suriname_1502-1808-de-slavenhandel%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12238" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1492-1667de-eerste-europeanen-in-suriname geschiedenis-van-suriname_1492-1667de-eerste-europeanen-in-suriname%((%/caption%))%%((%caption id="attachment_12240" align="alignleft" width="300"%))%thumbnail of geschiedenis-van-suriname_1651-20e-eeuw-de-plantage-economie 1651-20e-eeuw-de-plantage-economie%((%/caption%))%


Plato; 428/427 or 424/423[b] – 348/347 BCE) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. He is widely considered the most pivotal figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition.[2] Unlike nearly all of his philosophical contemporaries, Plato's entire œuvre is believed to have survived intact for over 2,400 years
















The Republic

The Republic









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The Buddha

The Buddha, his life and teachingsis a straightforward and historical account of the merits of the Buddha. The book is in 92 page, written by Ven. Plyadassi, Thera, and published by the Buddhist Publication Society in Sri Lanka.

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The Complete Pythagoras is a compilation of two books. The first is entitled The Life Of Pythagoras and contains the four biographies of Pythagoras that have survived from antiquity: that of Iamblichus (280-333 A.D.), Porphry (233-306 A.D.), Photius (ca 820- ca 891 A.D.) and Diogenes Laertius (180 A.D.). The second is entitled Pythagorean Library and is a complete collection of the surviving fragments from the Pythagoreans. 

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Artistotle lived from 384-322 BCE. He was a Greek philosopher and is often referred to as the “first teacher” or the very “first true scientist.” His works cover a number of topics from politics, philosophy, metaphysics, logic, ethics, biology and more. Aristotle was the tutor of Alexander the Great and he had a huge influence on the mystical and philosophical thinking in Jewish, Islamic and Christian traditions.

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The four books is a collection of confucian root texts. It has been established that none of them has been written by Confucious (K’ung-tzu, 551-479 B.C.E.) but rather compiled by his students after his dead. However, The four books, are considered the closest we come to the original teaching of Confucious. If you were to seek a position in the Chinese empire you would have to pass  a civil service exmination, that required that you had read the four books.

The collection consists of the works: Confucian Analects, The great learning, The doctrine of the mean, and The works of Mencius. This edition has both the original Chinese text and the English translation. This edition was translated and edited by James Legge.

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Niccolo machiavelli


Niccolò Machiavelli; 3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527), or more formally Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, was an Italian Renaissance historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer. He has often been called the founder of modern political science. He was for many years a senior official in the Florentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His personal correspondence is renowned in the Italian language. He was secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. He wrote his most renowned work The Prince (Il Principe) in 1513.

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Discourses on the First Decade of Titus Livius – niccolo_machiavelli

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The Prince – niccolo_machiavelli

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History Of Florence And Of The Affairs Of Italy – niccolo_machiavelli

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First Decade of Titus Livius – niccolo_machiavelli

Siegmund Freud

The Complete Works of Sigmund Freud are here compiled by Ivan Smith in one single pdf volume. It includes all of Freud’s published books among them:

  • The Interpretation of Dreams
  • Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious
  • Five Lectures on Psycho-Analysis
  • Leonardo da Vinci and a Memory of his Childhood
  • 3 Totem and Taboo: Resemblances between the Psychic Lives of Savages and Neurotics
  • Beyond the Pleasure Principle
  • Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego
  • The Ego and the Id
  • Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety
  • The Future of an Illusion
  • Civilization and Its Discontents
  • New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis
  • An Outline of Psycho-Analysis
  • Moses and Monotheism

The document also has a number of essays, letters, papers and loads of case stories from Freud’s own patients.

PDF File read online:

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Sri Aurobindo

Sri Aurobindo (Bengali: [Sri Ôrobindo]) (born Aurobindo Ghose; 15 August 1872 – 5 December 1950) was an Indian nationalist, philosopher, yogi, guru and poet.[2] He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a while was one of its influential leaders and then became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution.

The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo in one PDF, donwload here:

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Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell,; 18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist and Nobel laureate. In the early 20th century, Russell led the British "revolt against idealism".[62] He is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy.

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The Problems of Philosophy – Bertrand Russell

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The Problem of China – Bertrand Russell

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The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism – Bertrand Russell

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The Analysis of Mind -Bertrand Russel

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Proposed Roads To Freedom – Bertrand Russel

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Political Ideals – Bertrand Russel

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Our Knowledge of the External World


Friedrich Nietszche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche; 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, philologist, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. He became the youngest ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869, at the age of 24. Nietzsche resigned in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life, and he completed much of his core writing in the following decade.[9] In 1889, at age 44, he suffered a collapse and a complete loss of his mental faculties.[10] He lived his remaining years in the care of his mother (until her death in 1897), and then with his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, and died in 1900.

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Karl Marx

Karl Marx (1818–1883) was the most important of all theorists of socialism. He was not a professional philosopher, although he completed a doctorate in philosophy. His life was devoted to radical political activity, journalism and theoretical studies in history and political economy.

Read online:

Marx – Capital, Volume 2 (Penguin Classics)

Marx – Capital, Volume 2

Marx – Capital, Volume 3 (Penguin Classics)

Marx – Capital, Volume 3

Marx : Capital-Volume-I



Adam Smith

Adam Smith (16 June 1723 (5 June 1723) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment. He is best known for two classic works: The theory of Moral Sentiments (1759), and Am Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). The latter, usually abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics.

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Moral Sentiments


Adam smith - an_inquiry_into_the_nature_and_causes_of_the_wealth_of_nations[1]


Filosofie inleiding






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Evolutieleer Darwin

Politieke ideologie


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nixon foreign policy



Religiueze boeken
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Godsdienst filosofie
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communicatie inleiding

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lerend onderwijs

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Het kind en zijn vrije tijd

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Het strategische communicatieplan 2013

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Taal Stimulering van jonge kinderen